Brilliant Brains

Stephen Hawking – The Greatest Physicist That Ever Lived

Last Updated on September 10, 2020 by Darshan Modi

One of the greatest minds of our time, Stephen Hawkins is a man who has overcome great physical challenges and contributed hugely to our understanding of the cosmos.

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Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking Superhuman Superpower

Stephen Hawking has one of the most brilliant minds in the history of humankind.


Stephen Hawking was born on 08 January 1942 in Oxford, England.

Early Life of Stephen Hawking

Stephen Grew up in Oxford during the Second World War in the North of London. After his eighth birthday, in 1950, his parents, Frank and Isobel, moved him to the town of St Albans where Stephen attended school. Both of Stephen’s parents had attended Oxford University where his father studied medicine and his mother philosophy, politics and economics. Stephen has two younger sisters, Mary and Philippa and an adopted brother Edward. Stephen attended Radeltt School in Highgate for a year and then moved to St Albans School after passing the eleven-plus a year early. It was planned that he would then attend Westminster School but he fell ill on the day of the scholarship examination and as his family could not afford to send him on their own finances, he remained at St Albans. In 1958, with the help of a teacher, the 16-year-old Stephen built a computer from an old telephone switchboard and other recycled parts. Stephen started studying at the University College of Oxford when he was 17 years old on a scholarship and found university very easy and was bored and lonely. After three years of not having to work very hard, Stephen was awarded a First Class honours degree in Natural Science. After receiving his degree, he moved to Trinity Hall Cambridge in October 1962 where he did research in Cosmology. After receiving his PhD he been a Professorial Fellowship at Gonville and Caius College. In 1973 Stephen moved to the department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and held the post of Lucian professor until 2009.

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About Stephen Hawking

Shortly after his 21st Birthday, Stephen was diagnosed with ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), a Motor Neuron disease that attacks the nerve cells that control muscle movement. The doctors at that time in 1963, gave Stephen a life expectancy of two years. In 1965 he married his first wife, Jane Hawking (Wilde) and they had three children together. Jane and Stephen got divorced in 1995. By the late 1960’s, Stephen had lost the ability to walk, write and talk and has been wheelchair bound by 1969. Despite his illness Stephen continued to research Physical Cosmology and develop world changing theories and discoveries. He published proof in 1970 that the universe obeys a general theory of relativity and fits the models of cosmology defined by Alexander Friedman. He postulated the second law of black hole dynamics and proposed the four laws of black hole mechanics aligning them with thermodynamics. He won the Gravity Research Foundation Award in January 1971 and in 1973 published his first book, The Large Scale Structure of Space and-Time. In 1975 he returned to Cambridge and to read gravitational physics. Over the next years he received multiple awards such as the Maxwell prize, The Pius XI Gold Medal and the Dannie Heineman Prize and continued to publish papers and books. In 1978 he was awarded the Albert Einstein Medal and received a doctorate at the University of Oxford. Despite his declining health, Stephen continued to work with many great physicists and developed expanded theories on Big Black Holes, information linked to black holes and quantum mechanics. Today he is still active in the world of academia and has written a series of children’s books with his daughter Lucy. He is involved with the search for extraterrestrial life and has been promised a free place on Richard Branson’s Virgin SpaceShip at the end of 2017 when he will be 75 years old. Stephen married Elaine Manson in 1995 and after rumours and investigations that she was abusing him, they divorced. Stephen is still living in the United Kingdom and has founded an award, the Stephen Hawking Medal for Science Communication that honours members of the arts community that build awareness of science.

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Genetic Or Learned

Brilliance such as that of Stephen Hawking can only be genetic. Although through study and learning he has developed his knowledge, the application of this knowledge in the development of theorems and new understanding is due to his incredible IQ.

Official Website

Stephen Hawking Youtube Videos

Featured In

  • Stephen Hawking: A Biography – Kristine Larsen – 2005
  • Stephen Hawking: An Unfettered Mind – Kitty Ferguson – 2012
  • God and Stephen Hawking: Whose Design Is It Anyway? – John C Lennox – 2011
  • Introducing Stephen Hawking: A Graphic Guide – J.P. McEvoy – 2014
  • Stephen Hawking – Stephanie Sammartino McPherson – 2006
  • Stephen Hawking: A Life in Science – Michael White, John Gribbin – 1992
  • Hawking Incorporated: Stephen Hawking and the Anthropology of the Knowing … Helene Millet – 2012
  • Stephen Hawking’s Universe – John Bgoslough – 1989
  • Stephen Hawking – Bernard Ryan – 2009
  • The Future of Theoretical Physics and Cosmology: Celebrating Stephen Hawking ..G.W. Gibbons 2003
  • Stephen Hawking – Mary-Lane Kamberg – 2014

Books Published by Stephen Hawking

  • My Brief History – 2013
  • Black Holes: The Reith Lectures 2016
  • The Grand Design -2011
  • Hawking on the Big Bang and Black Holes- 1993
  • George’s Secret Key to the Universe – Volume 1 – 2014
  • The Nature of Space and Time -2010
  • The Theory of Everything: The Origin and Fate of the Universe 2016
  • George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt – 2014
  • A Brief History Of Time: From Big Bang To Black Holes – 2009
  • Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays – 1993
  • God created the Integers – 2005
  • The Large Scale Structure of Space-time – 1973
  • On the Shoulders of Giants – 2002
  • The Universe in a Nutshell – 2001
  • George and the Big Bang – 2011
  • George and the Unbreakable Code – 2014
  • George and the Blue Moon – 2016
  • A Briefer History of Time -2005